Reinforcement schedules examples. In operant conditioning schedules of reinforcement are an important component of the learning processwhen and how often we reinforce a behavior can have a dramatic impact on the strength and rate of the response. This page continues explaining the theories of operant and classical conditioning and explains how they can be applied for animal training. In reinforcement theory a combination of rewards andor punishments is used to reinforce desired behavior or extinguish unwanted behavior.
Reinforcement theory is the process of shaping behavior by controlling the consequences of the behavior. Examples of negative reinforcement quick reminder of what negative reinforcement is. In this lesson you will examine examples of positive reinforcement and be able to test your knowledge with a quiz.
Negative reinforcement occurs when something already present is removed taken away as a result of a behaviour and the behaviour that led to this removal will increase in the future because it created a favourable outcome. Say a teacher is working through a spelling programme with a child and is using a token economy as positive reinforcement on an fr2 schedule of reinforcement. Reinforcement is a term used in operant conditioning to refer to anything that increases the likelihood that a response will occur.
In behavioral psychology reinforcement is a consequence applied that will strengthen an organisms future behavior whenever that behavior is preceded by a specific antecedent stimulusthis strengthening effect may be measured as a higher frequency of behavior eg pulling a lever more frequently longer duration eg pulling a lever for longer periods of time greater magnitude eg. Stimuli are presented in the environment according to a schedule of which there are two basic categories. The term reinforce means to strengthen and is used in psychology to refer to anything stimulus which strengthens or increases the probability of a specific response.